What are They?
Generic wines, such as Burgundy, Chablis, Champagne, Chianti, Sauterne,
etc. are often named after European wine-making regions. The name
provides a rough guide to the character of the wine, but it does
not indicate the variety of grapes that went into making it. Generic
wines are generally less expensive than varietal wines.
Hearty red wine from Italy.
(Bar-ba-RES-coe): Great red table wine made from the Nebbiolo
grape in northwestern Italy.
Full-bodied and complex red wine made from the Nebbiolo grape.
(Boe-zho-lay): A light and fruity wine from the region of the
same name in southern Burgundy, France.
(bore-Doh): Great table wine made from blends of Cabernet Sauvignon,
Cabernet Franc, Merlot and other grapes, named after the wine region
of the same name in southwestern France.
(Boor-GON-yeh): Or Burgundy in English. Red table wine named
after the wine region of the same name in France.
An excellent, complex dry wine from the Rhone region of southern
France. Made from a blend of up to 13 types of grapes.
(Ki-AHN-tee): A dry red wine made from Sangiovese and other
grapes from north-central Italy.
(Cole-Yoor): Dry red wine from southwestern France.
(Coat-Row-tee): Excellent, age-worthy red from northern Rhone.
Made primarily from Syrah grapes.
du Languedoc(Coat-toe-duh-Lahn-geh-dawk): Dry red wine from
southern France using Grenache, Syrah, Cinsaut and other grapes,
individually or in blends.
(Gaht-tee-NAH-rah): Excellent red made from the Nebbiolo grape
in northwestern Italy.
(Air-mee-tahj): One of the top wines of the Rhone made from
Syrah grapes. It is also made into a white wine.
(Mah-DER-ah): A fortified wine named after the Portuguese island
of the same name.
From northern Spain and named for the Rio Oja river.
Pink wine made from red grapes, the skins of which are removed from
the fermenter before they impart too much color.
Montalcino (ROE-soe-dee-Mon-tahl-CHEE-noe): A good dry Italian
red from Tuscany
(Vah-Gree): Pink wine (see rose); literally gray wine.
Great white wine made from Chardonnay grapes, from the region of
the same name in northern Burgundy.
(Sham-pain): A sparkling wine, specifically the type made in
the French region of the same name. Made from Chardonnay, Pinot
Noir and/or Pinot Meunier grapes. The wine gains its sparkle by
using the traditional process of a secondary fermentation in the
(ICE-wine): Originating in Germany, this wine is made from late-harvest
grapes allowed to freeze on the vine, concentrating the sugar.
Named after the German river and valley, this wine is made from
(Orv-YEH-toe): Dry white wine from the town of the same name
in Umbria, Italy.
(Poo-yee Fwee-SAY): White Burgundy, Chardonnay-based, made in
the region of Burgundy.
(So-TAIRN): Great French dessert wine from the Bordeaux district
of the same name. Made from late-harvest grapes of Semillon and
(VEEN-Yoh-VEHT-day): A light and often slightly sparkling Portuguese